Carl Kaestle is University Professor and Professor of Education, History, and Public Policy Emeritus at Brown University. He received his BA from Yale College and his MAT and PhD from Harvard University. Kaestle has been a Fellow at the Shelby Cullom Davis Center (Princeton), the Charles Warren Center (Harvard) and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Stanford), and at the Spencer Foundation in Chicago. He was Director of the Wisconsin Center for Education Research from 1986-1988 and president of the National Academy of Education from 1993-1997. His books include The Evolution of an Urban School System, Education and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts, Pillars of the Republic: Common Schools and American Society, Literacy in the United States: Readers and Reading since 1880 and Print in Motion: The Expansion of Reading in the United States, 1880-1940. From 2001 to 2005 he directed the Advanced Studies Fellowship Program at Brown, whose Fellows produced the book, To Educate a Nation: Federal and National Strategies of School Reform. Kaestle is presently working on a history of the federal role in education.