Assessing English Learners’ Progress: A Longitudinal Examination of a Standards-Based Classroom Assessment Based on Teacher Judgements
Lorena M. Llosa

About the research


NAEd/Spencer Postdoctoral Fellowship

Award Year



New York University

Primary Discipline

Currently, many accountability systems not only focus on student achievement or mastery of standards, but also on the amount of progress students make each year. Title III of the No Child Left Behind Act (2001), for example, requires states and school districts to show annual increases in the number and percentage of students who become proficient in English, as well as in the number and percentage of students who make progress toward that goal. Monitoring progress is also becoming increasingly important in classroom formative assessment, since a reliable assessment of progress can inform teacher instruction and appropriate interventions. But in order to interpret changes in assessment results from one year to the next as reflecting differences in underlying ability rather than as variations in the measurement, the assessments used should be measuring the same constructs over time. Gathering evidence of an assessment’s longitudinal invariance is particularly important when the assessments used are based on teacher judgments since teacher judgments are often viewed as inconsistent, and different teachers may be involved each year. This study will determine the extent to which a standards-based classroom assessment based on teacher judgments measures English proficiency consistently over time by examining its longitudinal invariance using confirmatory factor analysis.
About Lorena M. Llosa

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